Platelet-rich plasma inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling in rabbit cartilage cells activated by IL-1β

Platelet-rich plasma inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling in rabbit cartilage cells activated by IL-1β

Abstract

Objective: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been reported to alleviate degenerative pathological damage to joint cartilage. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PRP on Wnt/β-catenin signaling in rabbit chondrocytes.

Methods: Using 3-month-old New Zealand white rabbits, PRP was prepared from venous blood, and chondrocytes were cultured from knee joint cartilage and identified by staining for type II collagen and proteoglycan. The effects of PRP on chondrocyte viability were measured. The chondrocytes were divided into 5 groups: control, IL-1β, PRP (100-fold dilution), Dkk-1 (100 ng/mL) and Dkk-1 + PRP. The IL-1β, PRP, Dkk-1 and Dkk-1 + PRP groups were treated with interleukin (IL)-1β (50 μL, 10 μg/mL) for24 h. Chondrocyte morphology was observed by electron microscopy. Levels of carboxy terminal peptide (CTX-II) and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in culture media were measured by ELISA. Wnt-1, β-catenin and GSK-3β mRNA and protein expression were determined by RT-PCR and western blot respectively.

Abstract

Objective: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been reported to alleviate degenerative pathological damage to joint cartilage. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PRP on Wnt/β-catenin signaling in rabbit chondrocytes.

Methods: Using 3-month-old New Zealand white rabbits, PRP was prepared from venous blood, and chondrocytes were cultured from knee joint cartilage and identified by staining for type II collagen and proteoglycan. The effects of PRP on chondrocyte viability were measured. The chondrocytes were divided into 5 groups: control, IL-1β, PRP (100-fold dilution), Dkk-1 (100 ng/mL) and Dkk-1 + PRP. The IL-1β, PRP, Dkk-1 and Dkk-1 + PRP groups were treated with interleukin (IL)-1β (50 μL, 10 μg/mL) for24 h. Chondrocyte morphology was observed by electron microscopy. Levels of carboxy terminal peptide (CTX-II) and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in culture media were measured by ELISA. Wnt-1, β-catenin and GSK-3β mRNA and protein expression were determined by RT-PCR and western blot respectively.

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